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Imported Lead-Containing Spray Paints Sold in the Philippine Market
From September 2020 to September 2022, the EcoWaste Coalition collected 100 samples of aerosol paints (also called spray paints) that are marketed for general use in the Philippines, particularly as touch-up paint for bicycles, cars, household appliances, ornaments, and toys, as well as a material for school projects. The imported paint products were purchased from online vendors and from general merchandise, hardware, home improvement and school supply stores located in 15 cities—Angeles, Antipolo, Baguio, Batangas, Calamba, Dasmariñas, Lucena, Mabalacat, Makati, Malolos, Mandaluyong, Manila, Parañaque, San Fernando, and San Jose del Monte Cities.
Based on the laboratory analysis performed by SGS, a global testing company, 85 out of 100 paints representing 25 brands exceeded the 90 ppm total lead limit, of which, 69 paints contained extremely high lead concentrations above 10,000 ppm. The confirmatory analysis were carried out using inductively coupled plasma–optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES).
An orange yellow Automatic Spray Paint manufactured in China contained the highest lead content at 212,000 ppm. Thirty-seven of these 85 paints were imported from China and 11 from Thailand. None of these paints was produced or distributed by affiliates of the Philippine Association of Paint Manufacturers (PAPM).