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IPEN

A Toxics-Free Future

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Highly Hazardous Pesticides

In Ethiopia, there are a number of tested means that support the process of phasing out the use of highly hazardous pesticides by replacing them with ecology-based crop production systems. With the involvement of different civil society organizations and support from the government extension systems, the ecological farming initiative is building momentum. There are a number of best practices and success stories in reducing and avoiding the use of toxic chemicals by replacing them with alternatives. Read about them in this report prepared by Pesticide Action Nexus Association.

Production and use of highly hazardous pesticides in Armenia, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine and Uzbekistan- trends and perspectives for transition to safe alternatives

May, 2020. First-of-their-kind comprehensive studies on the production and use of highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs) in Armenia, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine and Uzbekistan have been carried out and show an increasing trend in the use of highly hazardous chemical plant protection products in these countries. 

The overall objective of this project was to reveal the ongoing proliferation of DDT pollution in manufacturing and use and cite important non-chemical alternatives to increase pressure for acting on this ongoing use in Mozambique, one of the countries that have registered an acceptable purpose for DDT use within the Stockholm Convention.

As of 2010, 65% of Zambia's population was engaged in agriculture. 96% of this farming population is represented by small scale farmers and 4% by commercial farmers. Agriculture has been identified as the number one key driver of the economy. Unfortunately, though highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs) are used within the agriculture sector, there is currently no official data on the volume of HHPs used. This report explores this point and others in a quest to get an overall picture of the use of HHPs and alternatives in Zambia.

This report gives an overview of the current situation of highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs) in Mozambique and describes the process, methodology and recommendations to develop a national strategy plan on HHPs. It was based on institutional and stakeholder’s engagement; consultation with community-based farmers and agrochemical suppliers; reports; workshops; data collection and field work survey.

This report relates to Sustainable Development Goals 2, 3, 6, 8, 12, 13, 14 and 15.

Agriculture in Ethiopia is the foundation of the country's economy. In an effort to increase production and productivity, the agriculture sector puts the use of inputs like pesticides and fertilizers as driving forces. The use of these inputs was introduced to smallholder farmers in the 1960s through agricultural extension systems. Since then, the use of pesticides by smallholder farmers showed a steady growth. Currently, special emphasis given to agriculture investment and the development of the flower sector contributes a lot to the import and use of pesticides.

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