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A Toxics-Free Future

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Highly Hazardous Pesticides

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is an organo-chlorine that was synthesized in 1874, but its insecticidal properties were discovered in 1939. DDT was first used during World War II to combat malaria and typhus among civilians and troops. Subsequently it was used as an agricultural and household pesticide. DDT is currently listed in Annex B of the Stockholm Convention, with its production and/or use restricted for disease vector control purposes in accordance with related World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations and guidelines.

National Association of Professional Environmentalists (NAPE) carried out this project in Uganda and it involved, among other things, a desk study and field work. The desk study revealed various aspects regarding the use of DDT in the country including where it was used, when it was used and why it was used. The field work involved moving from the office to visit different stakeholders to gather information on DDT and its use in Uganda. Data was collected from Kampala-based institutions, including:

The overall objective of this project was to reveal the ongoing proliferation of DDT pollution in manufacturing and use and cite important non-chemical alternatives to increase pressure for acting on this ongoing use in Zambia, one of the countries that had registered an acceptable purpose for DDT use within the Stockholm Convention and is considering re-registering.

This report presents findings of a study completed by the Research Centre for Rural Development (RCRD) at An Giang University.

This report gives an overview of the current situation of highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs) in Rwanda and provides information about main crops produced in the country, the national pesticide registration and control framework, the list of nationally registered pesticides, campaigns to ban highly hazardous pesticides, and more.

The overall objective of this project was to reveal the ongoing proliferation of DDT pollution in manufacturing and use and cite important non-chemical alternatives to increase pressure for acting on this ongoing use in Uganda, one of the countries that have registered an acceptable purpose for DDT use within the Stockholm Convention.

Study of plastic pollution of the recreational zone of the Kharkov River

In this newsletter (in Russian / на русском) from the Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asian (EECCA) region, IPEN Participating Organizations from Armenia, Kazakhstan, Russia, Moldova, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan shared results of their recent work. Results presented relate to issues such as the production and use of highly hazardous pesticides, waste incineration, the disposal of obsolete pesticides, and environmental pollution from plastic. The work of these organizations and others contributes to the implementation of the regional EECCA NGO Strategy for Chemical Safety for the period up to 2030.

This report presents findings of a study conducted by Association Vie et Développement (AVD-Kowa Murna) about pesticides use, management and alternatives in Niger. The research found that agricultural strategies and policies need to be updated to adequately meet production needs (quantity) but also consumer demand (quality). For this, reforms must be initiated in Niger, in particular through regional and sub-regional structures, in order to translate them at the national level.

The objective of this study, led by the Association Marocaine Santé, Environnement et Toxicovigilance (AMSETOX) was to draw up a situation report on highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs) in Morocco in order to promote their elimination and the use of alternative non-chemical approaches. At its conclusion, AMSETOX recommends to:
- Establish a strategy for the progressive ban of highly hazardous pesticides registered in Morocco;
- Increase the country's capacity to identify products banned in the country;
- Increase control capacities to detect counterfeit products;

This report presents findings of a study completed by AEEFG in April 2020. It is a preliminary study to identify highly hazardous pesticides, based on Pesticide Action Network, Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO) and World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, in use in Tunisia.

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