Over 27% of pesticides approved in Togo are highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs). Eight (8) of these highly toxic pesticides were registered by the National Committee of Plant Protection Products of Togo and are commonly used in the country even though they are formally banned in Europe and other countries of the world. Find out more in this national report on HHPs and alternatives in Togo from the Organization for the Environment and Sustainable Development (OPED).
This project relates to Sustainable Development Goals 2, 3, 6, 8, 12, 13, 14, and 15.
IPEN has contributed to SAICM since its inception and with our global network members we have been active participants in every ICCM, OEWG, and in the intersessional process. Our work has provided critical, unique research documenting threats to human health and the environment from chemicals and wastes from many parts of the world where no previous data existed.
Though they only account for 16 percent of the world’s population, high-income countries generate about 34 percent of the world’s waste. A large portion of the generated wastes are plastics, which often contain toxic chemicals.
Analysis of chlorpyrifos production and use in Russia has shown widespread use of highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs), including Chlorpyrifos, Bifenthrin and Cypermethrin. These substances are on the list of HHPs prepared by the Pesticide Action Network (PAN) and meet the HHP criteria adopted by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
Kazakhstan does not produce chlorpyrifos but buys it as an active ingredient to make pesticide products for local use. IPEN member Greenwomen in the Republic of Kazakhstan found information showing that Astana Nan, the largest pesticide production plant in the country, purchases chlorpyrifos as an ingredient from China to use for manufacturing local pesticide products. There are also a number of small local enterprises in Kazakhstan that manufacture ready-made pesticide products containing chlorpyrifos.
Chlorpyrifos is an organophosphate pesticide that has been used since 1970 and non-officially licensed for distribution since 1970 in Indonesia. It is used in agriculture, plantations, household, hygiene and sanitation. Chlorpyrifos is widely used similar to other types of pesticides permitted for circulation and trade in the country. In 2021, the Pesticide Commission of the Indonesia Ministry of Agriculture allowed sixty (60) trademarks for use in agriculture and other sectors. This number continues to increase from 8 brand names (1998) to 60 brands (2021).
Agriculture in India was traditionally non-mechanised and organic, that is, conducted without the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. These traditional practices persisted in most of India through the 1950s and for much of the 1960s, until the introduction of high yield varieties, popularly known as the Green Revolution. However, the introduction of high yield varieties resulted in the paramount increase in the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The total pesticide consumption in India grew nearly tenfold in the two decades between 1958 and 1978.
Agriculture in Ethiopia is the foundation of the country's economy. It is estimated that 85% of the 120 million people in Ethiopia are engaged in agriculture. In an effort to increase production and productivity, the agricultural sector uses inputs like pesticides and fertilizers as driving forces. Input use and distribution is mainly conducted through agricultural development agents who are working at the grassroots level with smallholder farmers.