Agriculture in Ethiopia is the foundation of the country's economy. In an effort to increase production and productivity, the agriculture sector puts the use of inputs like pesticides and fertilizers as driving forces. The use of these inputs was introduced to smallholder farmers in the 1960s through agricultural extension systems. Since then, the use of pesticides by smallholder farmers showed a steady growth. Currently, special emphasis given to agriculture investment and the development of the flower sector contributes a lot to the import and use of pesticides.