This project report by Serbian NGO ALHem provides data and research into critical mercury pollution issues in Serbia as well as key policy and legislative framework gaps that must be addressed to move towards ratification of the Mercury Treaty. The report includes revelations about mercury contamination resulting from the NATO bombing of a mercury cell chlor-alkali plant in 1999 and the urgent need for remediation of the hotspot and environmental monitoring.
Awareness-raising and Education
This report by Pro-biodiversity Conservationists in Uganda (PROBICOU) describes a project carried out in the capital city of Kampala. The main objective of the project was to raise public awareness about the Minamata Convention on Mercury as well as on general mercury pollution. The project successfully convened a joint stakeholder dialogue for technocrats from the sectors of mining, health, environment, water and industry, as well as Members of Parliament and representatives from civil society, to raise awareness on mercury pollution and the need to accelerate Treaty ratification.
The Bangladesh-based Environment and Social Development Organization (ESDO) has completed a comprehensive initial assessment of mercury sources and products containing mercury in Bangladesh to contribute to national inventory development and further the initiatives towards national ratification of the Mercury Treaty. This activity includes data gained through in-field interviews with major stakeholders in the manufacturing, industrial, health and commercial sectors as well as desktop analysis of available literature.
The Centre for Environment Justice and Development (CEJAD) conducted a detailed investigation of the extent of mercury use in artisanal small scale gold mining (ASGM) sites in Mikei, Masara and Osiri in Kenya. As part of the investigation, CEJAD conducted a range of interviews and awareness-raising activities with gold miners, their associations and local authorities, related to the hazards of mercury use and alternative, mercury-free gold processing techniques.
This project by Center for Public Health and Environmental Development (CEPHED) investigates the extent of mercury pollution in the health care sector of Nepal (including dental institutions and other health care settings) and suggests recommendations to transition to a mercury-free healthcare system. In addition, the project provides data on the status of mercury pollution in Nepal across a range of sectors, including health care products, lighting products and cosmetics.
This project by NGO Independent Ecological Expertise examines the extensive mercury contamination resulting from decades of operation of the Khaidarkan mercury mine, virtually the last primary mercury mine in the world still producing and exporting elemental mercury. Under difficult conditions and considerable resistance from mine management, IEE has undertaken an independent environmental mercury monitoring study, utilising public participation, to add to the available knowledge of mercury contamination around this industrial hot spot.
Armenian based NGO Armenian Women for Health and Healthy Environment (AWHHE) undertook a project to produce a Mercury Country Status Report for Armenia. Their investigation into mercury pollution has contributed important information to the national efforts to develop an inventory of mercury pollution sources and contaminated sites which they have been able to share with key stakeholders and the public.
“Greenwomen” Analytical Environmental Agency conducted a comprehensive awareness raising project on mercury pollution in Kazakhstan. Certain areas of Kazakhstan, such as the River Nura, the city of Temirtau and the Pavlodar chemical complex are heavily impacted by mercury contamination. As part of this activity numerous methods were employed to spread the message about mercury pollution among stakeholders including the public, NGOs, media and government.
This project by Red de Acción en Plaguicidas y sus Alternativas para América Latina (RAP-AL) includes interviews with community members and a former worker from the chlor- alkali plant of EFICE in San José Dept., Río de la Plata. Several interviews were also conducted with decision-makers from the Basel Convention Coordinating Centre for Latin America and the Caribbean Region in the Southern Cone, the National Directorate of Environment (DINAMA), and the Ministry of Housing, Land and Environment (MVOTMA).
This report summarises a comprehensive project report by NGO Arnika Association that can be accessed at http://english.arnika.org/. The project investigates the status of mercury pollution in and around industrial facilities in the Central and Eastern European (CEE) region that are intentionally using mercury in their manufacturing processes (such as chlor-alkali plants).