Balifokus conducted extensive qualitative and quantitative methods research to holistically document the process of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining (ASGM) activities in Indonesia. Specifically focused on ASGM practices in the context of mercury pollution and contamination, Balfokus activists used field interviews, direct observation, and document review to bring to light the many socio-economic and human rights impacts and abuses resulting from this method of gold extraction.
Awareness-raising and Education
As an international tourist destination, Phuket currently attracts around two million visitors each year who contribute nearly 120 tons of solid waste each day. The Thai government, in violation of several environmental laws, operates a massive waste incinerator to treat this waste. No alternative or recycling system has ever been discussed.
Continuing their research on highly toxic pesticide use in North Sumatra and Central Java, Gita Pertiwi conducted an overall assessment of the current pesticide situation. This assessment used survey, interview, and observation methods to document the types of pesticides currently in use, how they are used, and the health effects on those using them. In addition, Gita Pertiwi also conducted market research exploring the advertising and selling practices of distributors and local vendors of pesticides.
In order to promote the FAO Code of Conduct and elimination of hazardous pesticide use in favor of more sustainable agricultural practices, AWHHE surveyed farmers and citizens in 4 villages to determine their awareness levels about and use of pesticides. Thereafter they organized a series of discussion groups with residents, farmers, youth groups, and local government officials to discuss the results, as well as distribute Armenian-language educational materials they hd drafted.
Baytuna Society conducted a number of activities to properly understand the current situation and dangers associated with mercury contamination in Jordan. These activities included a review of all legislation governing mercury, literature review of all research studies conducted in the country, informational interviews with government officials, and the staging of events targeting relevant stakeholders to ascertain levels of understanding about the issue.
The NGO “Independent Ecological Expertise” conducted activities in order to develop a National Action Plan for the Khaidarkan mercury mine, with the goal to reduce mercury contamination of the environment and human health.
Through research, AGENDA learned about existing regulations (voluntary and compulsory) concerning lead in paints in Tanzania and collaborated with regulators to produce materials based on this information. Additionally, AGENDA used brochures, news articles, and a previous project report to inform paint producers, distributors, and consumers about the human and environmental hazards from leaded paint and leaded paint products.
By hosting and facilitating a series of Round Table Meetings with relevant government ministries and stakeholders, Forum for Justice (FFJ) created a platform that provided opportunities to share and provide detailed information about the SAICM. Meetings were organized to address particular themes: POPs, Lead, Mercury, and E-waste. In each of the meetings, baseline information was shared about each problem area and specific action plans were laid out to meet the SAICM 2020 objectives.
In Mali, the most common human exposure to mercury is through artisanal gold mining. Fondation pour le Développement au Sahel (FDS) / Sahel Development Foundation conducted a case study examining traditional gold mining in Kangaba Cercle. Through site visits, outreach and surveys with local authorities, miners, civil organizations, and ministries of the federal government, FDS was able to strengthen the awareness of many stakeholders, including local authorities and policy makers, about the dangers of mercury and the need to eliminate its use.